Hardware Guide, ENC3

Technical specifications

Model

ENC III

Power source

Built-in Li-ion 3,7 V battery

Type

ENC v.3

Battery capacity

5 Wh

Maximum depth

300 m

Typical working time

20-35 h

Tested depth

350 m

Average charge time

<2 h

Depth of start and
stop of immersion time counting

Optional: 0.5, 1 or 1.6 m (compatible with the norm EN 13319)

Working temperature

+10 … +45⁰C

Accuracy of depth measurement

0.3 m in the whole depth range, temp. range: 0…30°C

Storage temperature

-20 … +45⁰C

Accuracy of compass

<5 degrees*

Temperature when charging

+10 … +40⁰C

Accuracy of ext. log

<2%*

Mounting type

Universal

Possibility of using above the water level

up to 5000 m

Internal storage capacity

50 routes

Weight / displacement

290 g / -90 g

Length x height x width

95 x 71 x 30,6 mm

* The accuracy of the measurement depends on the quality of the calibration and the absence of external interference.

Included sensors: 3D magnetometer, 3D gyroscope, 3D accelerometer, pressure sensor, temperature sensor.

Satellite positioning: GPS, Beidou, GLONASS

Data exchange: via Bluetooth 4.2 and/or via USB cable.

Power source: Li-Ion battery cell 5 Wh. Device can use any 5 V DC power source as charger. When charging, it can consume up to 1 A current.

Waste disposal


This device contains Li-Ion cells and other materials, which must be recycled properly.

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Mechanical construction

D:\###nawigacja inercjalna\instrukcja\rys\opis nawi.jpg Fig. 1. Description of elements

  1. Universal mounting – top side
  2. Ambient light sensor (do not cover)
  3. Additional LED diode (red color)
  4. Screen / display
  5. Top button (NEXT)
  6. Bottom button (SET, REC, HOLD)
  7. External socket – for charging and speed sensor
  8. Universal mounting – bottom side

Control

Button functions (depending on actual screen content):

Top button (5)
NEXT screen / NEXT item / CANCEL change / BACK

Bottom button (6)
SET / change value / enter changing item / switch between REC and HOLD state

Note!
On most screens, a small graphical hint is displayed in top and bottom right corner of the display.

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This graphical hint is connected with the actual button function. It may be one of the below:

Move cursor/selection down to next item
Go to next screen
Go to previous screen
Select current item
Cancel or delete
Switch to next available value
Increment current value by 1

First steps – switching on and off

Switching on the device

Press both buttons at the same time.

The device will also switch on when immersed in water min. 0.3 m (1 ft) deep.

Switching off the device

You have to stop recording first. Then go to MENU (from main screen –press the top button 3 times, then press the bottom button once). When the OFF command is selected, press the lower button.

The device will switch off automatically when the diving depth is less than 0.5 m and recording is off (HOLD).

Buttons operation

Note!
If you are not yet familiar with the ENC, the operating principle of its buttons may seem a bit strange at first.

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These are custom designed piezoelectric modules integrated into thick polycarbonate front-panel. Rubber “buttons” have indicative function only (easier operation in thick gloves).

Designing a non-magnetic solution that guarantees operation in very wide range of extreme pressures – up to 300 m depth – is not easy task, with ensuring reliability and simplicity. Some “getting used to” their operation is recommended, as ENC3 operating may be different from any other computer-style device you have used previously.

When diving, water pressure around this device is changing slowly all the time. Buttons cannot be sensitive for SLOW pressing/depressing. If so – only RAPID pressing can activate buttons. Thus, to activate button, quick “tapping” action rather than “pressing” is favored.

Modes of operation

Normal operation mode

Default mode after power on. The user sees the current dive parameters, may switch recording ON (REC) and OFF (HOLD), enter settings and view the contents of the device’s internal memory.

Charging mode

After connecting the device to a power source, the charging screen appears. The buttons are inactive in this mode. This mode will be terminated, when the battery is fully charged or the power source is disconnected.

Service mode

When a software update was requested, the device switches to this mode. The screen is blank and the LED above the display is blinking. This mode ends automatically after less than 1 minute.

Guidelines for attaching the ENC to DPVs

When using the navigation console with any DPV, you should carefully choose the mounting point for the device. An unfavorable placement may cause magnetic interferences from your vehicle elements (battery, engine) to the ENC compass sensor.

For a SEACRAFT® underwater vehicle, the recommended placement for the navigation device and its speed sensor is shown below:

Limitations:

  • ENC device should be placed at least 0,2 m (7,9”) from any element containing ferromagnetic material (engine, battery), permanent magnets (engine, vehicle handles, speed sensor) or electrical wires connecting the battery with the motor.
    If this rule is violated, compass indications may be incorrect.
  • Compass indications may be less stable when ENC tilt exceeds 35° (from vertical position). If you include your vehicle lean, you should not exceed 35° inclination of ENC device vs vehicle body (see picture above).
  • Log sensor should be placed away from any elements that can disrupt the flow of water. Front of vehicle is almost always the best choice. Have in mind propeller “sucking” effect, and avoid placing it in the water intake area.

If you need to place ENC device on some other kind of underwater vehicle, you have to find best mounting points on your own, using picture above as guidance.

In order to maintain the correct compass accuracy, it is recommended to always calibrate the compass before diving. Indicated by the compass the direction is calculated from the device measured by the magnetic components of the Earth measured by the magnetometers. These components change depending on the location, local geological conditions (eg the presence of ferromagnetic minerals) and are subject to periodic changes. Large ferromagnetic elements, eg shipwreck, reinforced concrete port quay or steel elements buried in the bottom, also very strongly affect the work of the compass.

A poorly calibrated compass or its disturbed operation can cause significant errors. In the case of a route with a length of 1 km, 5 degrees of compass error will result in an error in the calculation of the target of almost 88 m.

One should also remember about the differences between the magnetic direction indicated by the magnetic compass and the geographical direction that can be read from the maps. The difference between these courses is called magnetic declination and depends on the location. The device allows you to set the magnetic declination and offset this difference.

In order to optimally use the device, it is recommended to familiarize with the theory and principles of navigation in detail.

The log sensor is a precise electromechanical device and must be protected against mechanical impacts and contamination. After the dive, it is recommended to gently rinse with fresh water to cleanse any remaining vegetation or mineral impurities. If it is necessary to make measurements with full precision, it is recommended to calibrate the log every time.

Troubleshooting

Symptom

Cause

Solution

Device cannot be switched on. Display is blank and no other reactions is observed.

Excessive battery discharge.

Start charging battery for at least 30 minutes before attempt to switch on the device. After few minutes, the red led the will start blinking.

Broken device (flooded, charged from improper source), does not react when charging

Factory service needed.

Device is switching on and off continuously.

One of the internal sensors may be damaged or battery is broken.

Connect the charger for 1 minute. If this will not help, allow the device to discharge its battery and to switch off. Wait 1 hour, and try to charge it again. If this will not help, return the device for service.

When switched on, the device shows “Battery is low!” message and switches off.

The battery is discharged too much.

Charge the device.

The charging process never ends. Battery charge level never reach 90%.

Broken battery.

Return the device for service.

Damaged charging cable or dirt/rust on its connector.

Clean the charger connector. Make sure it is not cut or damaged.

Charging source too weak.

Try another charger. You may use the USB port of a laptop/PC.

The depth indication is 0 and never changes.

Depth shown is invalid.

The device is not switching on automatically when immersed in water.

Defective pressure sensor.

Go to Settings / Pressure/salin. If the pressure is near 0, the sensor is defective and factory service is needed.

Pressure sensor gap filled with dirt or mud.

Wash the device using a mild stream of warm fresh water, until the problem is gone.

External sensor is connected, but no speed is shown.

Sensor connector misfit, broken or rusted.

Disconnect the sensor plug, wash and/or clean the connector, connect it again.

The device is switched do INERTIAL operation.

Go to Settings / Log/Speed, and make sure EXT is set to ‘Active Log’.

Compass is showing improper heading.

Calibration required.

Perform the calibration as described in chapter 13.1 and 13.2

Strong external magnetic field near the device.

Try to remove the magnetic and ferromagnetic elements from the vicinity of the navigation device. Move the navigation device to another location.

Defective sensor

Return the device for service.

Compass sensor was overcharged.

Power off the device. Wait 10 seconds. Connect charger for 10 seconds. Check again compass behavior.

Note!
Recommended intervals to re-check the required accuracy of the product –
36 months from the date of purchase and the next every 24 months.

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Before each dive…

Make sure that battery is charged enough. Power on device and check all important settings.

In order to connect the log to the device, check the state of the plug and socket, clean any impurities, check the o-rings, apply a delicate layer of silicone grease and gently but firmly tighten.

Before diving you have to check, if output socket (in the back) is well tightened.
Also you have to make sure, that none of the sealing o-rings is broken or missing.

Proper way to fit the connector :

  1. Push the plug into the socket as far as it can move
  2. Turn the nut clockwise until you feel the resistance

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Updated on 2021-07-19

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